Background: Socio-demographic characteristics influencing the prevalence of dental restorations varies from country to country, hence this study sought to evaluate the socio-demographic distribution of patients with fixed dental prosthesis at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.
Method: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of all patients who received fixed dental prosthesis over a 5- year period. he data of interest retrieved from patients’ records were demographic characteristics (age, gender, marital status, occupation), type of fixed prosthesis fabricated and teeth for which they were fabricated as well as indication for the provision of the fixed prostheses. Data collected was subjected to statistically analysis using IBM SPSS version 21.0.
Results: A total of 256 patient records with the desired information were used for the study. The patients’ age ranged from 18 to 83 years with a mean age of 38.86 ± 15.86 years. There was a decline in number of patients who received fixed prosthesis as age increased with those ≤ 30 years of age recording the highest frequency. Skilled workers accounted for the majority (35.2%) of the patients while dependent and professionals accounted for 32.0% and 22.7% respectively. More than half (52.0%) of the patients were married. A higher proportion of females had crowns provided for them while a higher proportion of males had fixed partial denture provided for them and this was statistically significant
Conclusion: Fixed dental prosthesis is sought by patients with higher socioeconomic status and young adults with a higher prevalence of males demanding fixed partial denture and females, single crowns.
Joan Emien Enabulele, Julie Omo